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科技查新的基本概念
来源市科情所 时间2010-05-16点击0

    yi、chaxindedingyi

    1.chaxindingyideyanyi

    zaibutongdelishishiqi,renmencongbutongjiaoduhejiyubutongderenshi,jiyulechaxinbutongdedingyi。

    cong90niandaichukaishi,yuanguojiakeweidui《kejichaxinzixungongzuoguanlibanfa》ji《shishixize》jinxingleduocixiugai。qizhong,duikejichaxingongzuodedingyiyejieheshijianjingyanerbuduanjinxingxiugai:

    1992nian8yue,《kejichaxinzixungongzuoguanlibanfa》(zhengqiuyijiangao)diertiaodingyi: “kejiqingbaochaxingongzuoshizhitongguojiansuoshouduan,yunyongzonghefenxiheduibidengfangfa,weikeyanlixiang、chengguo、zhuanli、famingdengpingjiatigongkexueyijudeyizhongqingbaozixunshishicaixingshi。”

    1993nian3yue,《kejichaxinzixungongzuoguanlibanfa》(shixinggao)diertiaodingyi: “chaxingongzuoshizhitongguoshougongjiansuohejisuanjijiansuodengshouduan,yunyongzonghefenxiheduibifangfa,weipingjiakeyanlixiang、chengguo、zhuanli、famingdengdexinyingxing、xianjinxingheshiyongxingtigongwenxianyijudeyizhongxinxizixunshishicaixingshi。”

    1994nian6yue,shangbaoyuanguojiakeweide《kejichaxinzixungongzuoguanlibanfa》(taolungao)diertiaodingyi: “benbanfasuochengdechaxingongzuo,xizhitongguoshougongjiansuohejisuanjijiansuodengshouduan,yunyongzonghefenxiheduibifangfa,weipingjiakeyanlixiang、chengguodengdexinyingxinghexianjinxingtigongshishiyijudeyizhonggongzhongxingxinxizixunshishicaigongzuo。”

    2.kejichaxindeguifandingyi

    《kejichaxinguifan》duichaxinzuochuleguifandedingyi: “chaxinshikejichaxindejiancheng,shizhichaxinjigougenjuchaxinweituorentigongdexuyaochazhengqixinyingxingdekexuejishuneirong,anzhaobenguifancaozuo,bingzuochujielun。”

    zheilisuoshuodechaxinjigoushizhijuyouchaxinyewuzizhi,genjuchaxinweituorentigongxuyaochazhengqixinyingxingdekexuejishuneirong,anzhaokejichaxinguifancaozuo,youchangtigongkejichaxinshishicaidexinxizixunjigou;chaxinweituorenshizhitichuchaxinxuqiudeziranren、farenhuozheqitazuzhi;xinyingxingshizhizaichaxinweituoriyiqianchaxinxiangmudekexuejishuneirongbufenhuozhequanbumeiyouzaiguoneiwaichubanwushanggongkaifabiaoguo。

     er、chaxindexingzhi

     congchaxindeguifandingyikeyikanchuchaxinjuyouruxiaxingzhi:

    1.chaxinshiduixiangmudexinyingxingzuochujielun

   《kejichaxinguifan》jiangkejichaxinjiedingweidui“xinyingxing”zuochujielun,yushouyuzhuanliquandetiaojianhuozhuanlishenchayuanze——“juyouxinyingxing、chuangzaoxingheshiyongxing”yousuobutong。

    2. chaxinyoubieyuwenxianjiansuo

    wenxianjiansuozhenduijutiketidexuyao,jintigongwenxianxiansuohewenxian,duiketibujinxingfenxihepingjia,cezhongyuduixiangguanwenxiandechaquanlv。chaxinshiwenxianjiansuoheqingbaodiaoyanxiangjiehedeqingbaoyanjiugongzuo,tayiwenxianweijichu,yiwenxianjiansuoheqingbaodiaoyanweishouduan,yijianchujieguoweiyiju,tongguozonghefenxi,duichaxinxiangmudexinyingxingjinxingqingbaoxueshencha,xiechuyouyiju、youfenxi、youduibi、youjielundechaxinbaogao。yinci,chaxinyoujiaoyangedenianxian、fanweihechengxuguiding,youchaquan、chazhunyouqishichazhunlvdeyangeyaoqiu,yaoqiujichumingquedejielun,chaxinjielunjuyoujianzhengxing。zheixiedoushidanchundewenxianjiansuosuobujubeide。

    3.chaxinyoubieyuzhuanjiapingshen

    chaxinshiyitongguojianchuwenxiandekeguanshishilaiduixiangmudexinyingxingzuochujielun。zhuanjiapingshenzhuyaoshiyijuzhuanjiabenrendezhuanyezhishi、shijianjingyanyijisuolejiedezhuanyexinxi,duibeipingduixiangdechuangzaoxing、xianjinxing、xinyingxing、shiyongxingdengzuochupingjia。youcikejian,chaxinhezhuanjiapingshensuoyijudejichubutong,pingjiadeneirongyeshiyouchayide。tongshiliangzhegeyouyouquedian,pingshenzhuanjiafengfudezhuanyelilunzhishi、shijianjingyanyijiduishiwudezonghefenxinengli,shiyibankejiqingbaorenyuannanyijubeihewufadaitide;fanzhi,xinxijigousuojuyoudefengfudewenxianxinxiziyuanhexiandaihuajiansuoxitong,qingbaozhuanyerenyuansuojuyoudeyidingxueshushuiping、jiaokuandezhishimianhefengfudewenxianqingbaogongzuojingyandengyoushi,yeshipingshenzhuanjiananyiqudaichaxinjigoudeyuanyin。youbiyaozhichu,chaxinjigoutigongdechaxinbaogaoduixiangmudechaxinjielunzhishiwenxianjiansuo、qingbaodiaoyandengfangmiandejielun,zhishijiaoxitong、jiaozhunquedekeguanyijuheqingbaoxuepingjia,erbushiquanmiandechengguopingshenjielun。

    xinyingxingjiqipanduan

    youyuchaxinbeijiedingweiduixiangmudexinyingxingzuochujielun,suoyixinyingxingzheiyigainianjiuxiandetebiezhongyao。benjieteduixinyingxingzheiyigainianjinxinglunshu。

    yi、chaxinde“xinyingxing” yuzhuanlishenchade“xinyingxing”dechayi

    youyuwoguochaxingongzuoqibuyushenqingzhuanliyijipingshenguojiafamingjiangsuoxudezhuanlishencha,suoyichaxinzhongdexinyingxingyuzhuanlishenchazhongdexinyingxingjiyoulianxiyouyouqubie。

   《zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuanlifa》diershiertiaodierkuanguiding: “xinyingxing,shizhizaishenqingriyiqianmeiyoutongyangdefaminghuozheshiyongxinxingzaiguoneiwaichubanwushanggongkaifabiaoguo、zaiguoneigongkaishiyongguohuozheyiqitafangshiweigongzhongsuozhi,yemeiyoutongyangdefaminghuozheshiyongxinxingyoutarenxiangzhuanlijutichuguoshenqingbingqiejizaizaishenqingriyihougongbudezhuanlishenqingwenjianzhong。”(zhu: houzhebeichengwei“dichushenqing”)。

    zhengquelijie《zhuanlifa》zhongde“xinyingxing”dedingyi,guanjianzaiyuzhengquebawo“sangegongkai——chubanwugongkai、shiyonggongkai、yiqitafangshigongkai”。guanyu“chubanwugongkai”xiawenjiangzuojieshao。 “shiyonggongkai”shizhi,youyushiyongdaozhiyixianghuozheduoxiangjishufangandegongkaifangshi,huozheshigongzhongchuyurenheyigerendoukeyishiyonggaijishufangandezhuangtaidegongkaifangshi。“yiqitafangshigongkai”zhuyaoshizhikoutougongkai,liru,koutoujiaotan、baogao、taolunhuifayan、guangbohuodianshidengnengshigongzhonglejiejishuneirongdefangshi,qitahaibaokuogongzhongkeyiyuelandezhantaizhanshi、juchuangfangzhideqingbaoziliaojizhiguanziliaodeng。

    chaxinyuzhuanlishenchazaimude、xingzhi、shijianjiedingjigongkaifangshijiedingcunzaiyixiachayi:

   (1)zhuanlishouquandemudeshi“zhuanliquanbaohu”,kejichaxindemudekenengshiduoyangde,youkenengshiweilekejichengguojianding;youkenengshiweileshenbaogezhongjiangli;youkenengshiweilekejipinggu;youkenengshiweilekejilixiang;haiyoukenengshikejigongzuozhexiwangtongguochaxinlejieguoneiwaiyouwuxiangtonghuozheleisiyanjiu,……,youcikejian,zhuanlishenchayukejichaxinzaifalvdiweiyugongnengmubiaoshangjunbutong。yinerkejichaxindexinyingxingyejiubuxiangzhuanlishouquanshenchaneiyang,yaoqiushenqingrentigongyanjin、wanzhengde“quanliyaoqiushu”he“shuomingshu”,yiyingfukenengfashengdeqinquansusonghuozhuanlizhengyixuyao;dangranyebuyaoqiuchaxinweituorenzaiweituoshishiyongleisi“quanliyaoqiushu”suoyaoqiushiyongdefalvyuyanlaimiaoshuxiangmudezhuyaojishutezheng(qingqiubaohudefanwei)。

   (2)youyuzhuanlibaohudeshijianjiedingzaihendachengdushangshouzhuanlishenchachengxudeyingxiang,yincizhuanlishenchazhongde“xinyingxing”panduandeshijianjiedingjiaoweifuza,chushiji“shenqingri”wai,haibaokuo“youxianquanri”、“busangshixinyingxingdekuanxian(6geyue)”dengxiangguiding。chaxinzhongde“xinyingxing”panduandeshijianjiedingjiandandiguidingweiyi“chaxinweituori”weijiexian。

   (3)youyuchaxinshiyiwenxianzuoweiyiju,yinci,zaichaxinzhong,yingxiangxinyingxingdegongkaifangshizhiyouchubanwugongkai。duizaiguoneiwaigongkaishiyongdetongleichengguo,ruweinengtongguoxiangyingwenxianlaizhengshiqishuyuxiangtongchengguode,buyingxiangxinyingxing。yinci,zai《kejichaxinguifan》zhong“xinyingxing”dedingyiwei:

    xinyingxingshizhichaxinweituoriyiqianchaxinxiangmudekexuejishuneirongbufenhuozhequanbumeiyouzaiguoneiwaichubanwushanggongkaifabiaoguo。

    you《kejichaxinguifan》zhongdexinyingxingdedingyikeyikanchu,“shiyonggongkai”he“yiqitafangshigongkai”bingbuyingxiangchaxinxiangmudexinyingxing,zhiyou“chubanwugongkai”caihuiyingxiangchaxinxiangmudexinyingxing。

     er、chubanwugongkai

    tongguochubanwugongkaidekexuejishuneirongbeirenkeweichaxinyiyishangde“xianyoukexuejishu”。

    chubanwubaokuogezhongyinshuajidazidezhijian,lirukejizazhi、kejishuji、xueshulunwen、zhuanliwenxian、jiaokeshu、jishushouce、zhengshigongbudehuiyijiluhuozhejishubaogao、baozhi、xiaocezi、chanpinshuomingshudeng,haibaokuocaiyongqitafangfazhichengdegezhongyouxingzaiti,ruyongdian、guang、zhaoxiangdengfangfazhichengdegezhongsuoweijiaopian、cidai、guangpan、jijianshujukudeng。suizhehulianwangluochuanmeidefazhanhebuduanguifan,wangluoziyuanyezhengzaichengweichaxinkeliyongdezhongyaoziyuan。

    chubanwubushoudiliweizhi、yuyanhuozhehuodefangshidexianzhi,yebushouniandaidexianzhi。

    chubanwudechubanfaxingliangduoshao、youmeiyourenyueduguo、chaxinweituorenshifouzhidaojunwuguanjinyao。

    chubanwudegongkairiqi,yiqidiyiciyinshuariweigongkairi,ruguoyinshuarizhixiemingyuehuozheniande,zeyisuoshuoyuefendezuihouyirihuozhedangnian12yue31riweigongkairi。

    chanpinmuluhuoyifenjinbaodaolemouzhongchenggong,erweigongkaiqishizhixingkexuejishuneirongdebaodaoziliao,benshenbugouchengxianyoukexuejishudeyibufen,dankezuoweijinyibusuoquyouguanxiangxikexuejishuziliaodexinxixiansuo。

    juyouzhunyinzhenghaodeneibukanwu、zengzhunzihaodezhengshichubanwudezengkan、zaiyidingfanweineigongkaizhengdinghuozengsongdeneibukanwu、yibeizhuyaojiansuogongjushouludeneibukanwu,keshiweigongkaichubanwu。

    jiandingbaogao、pinggubaogao、yanshoubaogao、xiangmujianchabaogaodengziliaozaichengguoweigongkaidetiaojianxia,chuyubaomizhuangtai,bushuyugongkaichubanwu。raner,fuyoubaomiyiwuderenweifanxieyihuozheguiding,xielulejimi,daozhikexuejishuneironggongkaijianzhuchubanwu,zezheixiekexuejishuyejiuchengweixianyoukexuejishudeyibufen。

    zaishijianzhong,youshihuifaxianchaxinzixunzhuanjia(shizhiweichaxinjigoutigongchaxinzixunshishicaide,zuijiejinchaxinxiangmusuoshejidekexuejishuneirongdezhuanjiajitongxingzhuanjia)zhangwoyouchaxinjiansuosuoweizhangwodexiangguankejichengguoxinxi。qizhong,bufenshiyinchaxinsuoyijudewenxianxinxizhihouxinghuojiansuoshulousuozhi;lingyibufenshiyin“wenxianpingjia”dekeguanxing,buyunxuyinyonggeleiweizaichubanwugongkaidechengguobaodaosuozhi。duiyuqianzhe,shiyingdangzheligaijinde;erduiyuhouzhe,zeshuzhengchangqingkuang。

    san、chaxinxinyingxingdepanduanyuanze

    duiyuchaxinlaishuo,xiangmushifoucunzaixinyingxingdepanduanyuanzeruxia:

    1. xiangtongpaichiyuanze

    tongyangdexiangmushizhikexuejishulingyuhemudexiangtong,jishujiejueshouduanshizhishangxiangtong,yuqixiaoguoxiangtongdexiangmu。zaichaxinzhong,dui“tongyangdexiangmu”caiqu“xiangtongpaichiyuanze”。chaxinxiangmudekexuejishulingyuhemudexiangtong,jishujiejueshouduanshizhishangxiangtong,yuqixiaoguojunyuxianyoukexuejishuxiangtong,neime,gaixiangmuquefaxinyingxing。fanzhi,zexinyingxingchengli。

    2.danduduibiyuanze

    suowei“danduduibiyuanze”shizhiyingdangjiangchaxinxiangmudekexuejishuyaodianyumeiyifenduibiwenxianzhonggongkaideyugaichaxinxiangmuxiangguandekexuejishuneirongdandudijinxingbijiao,budejiangqiyujifenduibiwenxianneirongdezuhejinxingbijiao。

    3.juti(xiawei)gainianfoudingyiban(shangwei)gainianyuanze

    zaitongyikexuejishuzhutizhong,juti(xiawei)gainiandegongkaijikeshiyiban(shangwei)gainiandechaxinxiangmusangshixinyingxing。liru,duibiwenxiangongkaimouchanpinshi“yongtongzhichengde”,jiushi“yongjinshuzhichengdetongyichanpin”dechaxinxiangmusangshixinyingxing。

    fanzhi,yiban(shangwei)gainiandegongkaibingbuyingxiangjuti(xiawei)gainiandechaxinxiangmudexinyingxing。liru,duibiwenxiangongkaidemouchanpinshi“yongjinshuzhichengde”,bingbunengshi“yongtongzhichengdetongyichanpin”dechaxinxiangmusangshixinyingxing。

    4.tupochuantongyuanze

    “tupochuantongyuanze”tongchangyongyushuzhifanweidepanduan,zhuyaoshizhi: ruozaixianyoujishuzhonggongkaidemougeshuzhifanweishiweilegaojiesuoshujishulingyudejishurenyuanbuyingdangxuanyonggaishuzhifanwei,erchaxinxiangmuquezhengshitupozheizhongchuantongerqueligaishuzhifanwei。neime,gaixiangmujuyouxinyingxing。


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