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从抗疫看中国科技制度优势
来源时时彩时间2020-05-15点击0

       mianduituruqilaidexinguanfeiyanyiqing,woguozaiyiqingfangkongguochengzhongzhisuoyinenggouxunsuyouxiaoezhibingduchuanbo,youxiaojiangdibingsilv,wanzhengdekejichuangxinzhidutixijiqiqiangdazhilixiaonenggongbukemei。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizai2020nian5yue8rizhaokaidedangwairenshizuotanhuishangzhichude,“shishicaitongchouyunyongzongheguoli,kaizhanlequanfangweiderenlizuzhizhan、wuzibaozhangzhan、kejitujizhan、ziyuanyundongzhan。shishicaijinjinyikaokejijinbu,budaoyizhoushijianjiuquedinglexinguanbingdudequanjiyinzuxuliebingfenlidedaobingduduzhu,jishituichuduozhongjianceshijichanpin,xunsushaixuanleyipiyouxiaoyaowuhezhiliaofangan,duotiaojishuluxiandeyimiaoyanfajinrulinchuangshiyanjieduan”。kexuejishujudaweilideshifang,shizhongguokejizhiduyoushihezhilixiaonengdeyicijizhongtixian,guigenjiedishizhangqiyilaizaidangdelingdaoxiashenhuakejitizhigaigedejieguo。


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党对科技事业的全面领导

      zhongguogongchandanglingdaoshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizuibenzhidetezheng,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudezuidayoushi。dangzhengjunminxue,dongxinanbeizhong,dangshilingdaoyiqiede。xinzhongguochengliyilai,congwanzhenggongyetixidejianlidao“liangdanyixing”dengzhongdakejichengguodequde,wubushidangdequanmianlingdaodejieguo。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggengshizhanzaixinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyilishigaodu,bachuangxinzuoweiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,tichu“kejichuangxinshihexin,zhuazhulekejichuangxinjiuzhuazhuleqiandongzhongguofazhanquanjudeniubizi”dezhongyaolunduan,duikejishiyedelingdaoxingchengleconglilundaozhanlvezaidaoxingdongdewanzhengtixi,tuidongwoguokejichuangxinfashenglishixingbianhua、qudelishixingchengjiu,weiguojiafazhan、renminxingfudiandinglejianshidewuzhijichu。


      zaizheiciyiqingfangkongdebutongjieduan、butongchanghe,xijinpingzongshujishizhongqiangdiaokejiduizhanshengyiqingdezhichengzuoyong,duijiakuaikeyangongguanzuochuyixiliebushu。zaidiweizuoyongshang,tichu“jiandingxinxin、tongzhougongji、kexuefangzhi、jingzhunshice”dezongyaoqiu,congerba“kexuefangzhi”fangzaijiweizhongyaodeweizhi;zairenwuyaoqiushang,yaoqiuzhangwogengduojuyouzizhuzhishichanquandehexinkeji,nachugengduoyinghechanpin;zaikeyanzuzhishang,zhongshen“guanjianhexinjishugongguankeyigaojiebangguashuai,yingxiongbulunchuchu,sheiyoubenshisheijiujiebang”,yaoqiudiaodonggefangmiandejijixing,zongheduoxuekeliliang,heligongguan;zaizhiliaoshouduanshang,yaoqiujianchizhongxiyijiehe、zhongxiyibingzhong,youhuazhenliaofangan,tigaolinchuangjiuzhiyouxiaoxing;zaishijianjindushang,yaoqiuzaijianchikexuexing、quebaoanquanxingdejichushangjiakuaiyanfajindu,jishijiban,lizhengzaoriqudetupo,dengdeng。


时时彩      xijinpingzongshujizaizhongguokeshishicaidishijiuciyuanshidahui、zhongguogongchengyuandishisiciyuanshidahuikaimuhuishangcengzhichu: “shishicaijianchidangduikejishiyedelingdao,jianquandangduikejigongzuodelingdaotizhi,fahuidangdelingdaozhengzhiyoushi,shenhuaduichuangxinfazhanguilv、kejiguanliguilv、rencaichengzhangguilvderenshi,zhuazhongda、zhuajianduan、zhuajichu,weiwoguokejishiyefazhantigonglejianqiangzhengzhibaozheng。” zhengshiyinweiyouleyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangduikejishiyedegaoduzhongshi,bajianchihejiaqiangdangduikejigongzuodequanmianlingdaoguanchuankejigaigefazhandequanguocheng,jinjinzhuazhuxinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangedezhongdazhanlvejiyu,shiyingjingjigaozhiliangfazhandepoqieyaoqiu,qianghuaguanjianhexinjishugongguan,shenhuakejitizhigaige,jiandingshishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlvedeng,woguodekejishiyecainenggoupibozhanlang、buduanqianxing,caideyizaizheicizhongdatufagonggongweishengweijilailinshiyingduiyouliergaoxiao。


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中国特色自主创新道路


      chuangxinshiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,shiguojiazongheguolihehexinjingzhenglideguanjianyinsu。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “hexinjishu、guanjianjishu、guozhizhongqibixulizuyuzishen。”xinzhongguochengliyilai,woguokexuejishunenggoucongdangchude“yiqiongerbai”debeidongjumianzhuanbianweijintianqianfanjingfa、yingtouganshangdejumian,libukaidangdejianqianglingdao,yelibukaiqianqianwanwankejigongzuozhefayangziligengsheng、jiankuchuangyedejingshen,jianchizouchuleyitiaozhenzhengjuyouzhongguotesedezizhuchuangxinzhilu。


      weiquanmianzhangwokejichuangxindezhudongquan,dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaozhanyuanzhu,guoduankaiqile“jianchizouzhongguotesezizhuchuangxindaolu”dexinshidai。xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,“zhongdakejichuangxinchengguoshiguozhizhongqi、guozhiliqi,bixulaolaozhangwozaizijishoushang,bixuyikaoziligengsheng、zizhuchuangxin”。zaizheicikangjiyiqingguochengzhong,xijinpingzongshujijinyibumingquezhichu,“shengminganquanheshengwuanquanlingyudezhongdakejichengguoyeshiguozhizhongqi”。


时时彩      zhengshiyouyujiandingbuyidizouzhongguotesezizhuchuangxindaolu,caishizhongguozaiboguiyunjuedeguojikejijingzheng、chanyejingzheng、maoyijingzheng,naizhikangjixinguanfeiyanyiqingzhongshizhongjuyuzhudongdiwei。zheixienianshishicaizailiangzitongxin、rengongzhineng、wulianwang、5g、dashuju、yunjisuan、yidongzhifu、c919dafeijizhizao、guochanhangmuzhizao、beidoudaohangxitongdengyidapilingyuqudedetupo,yijizaiguojichuangxinlian、chanyelianhejiazhilianshangdehuayuquantisheng,wuyibushijianchizizhuchuangxindaolusuoqudedechengjiu。tongyang,zaikangyizhong,shengminganquanheshengwuanquanlingyudeyixilieguochanjianceshiji、zhenliaoshebeihezhiliaoyaowudoufahuilejiusifushangdezhongyaozuoyong。


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规划先行与顶层设计优先


      fanshiyuzeli,buyuzefei。shehuizhuyizhongguodeyigejudayoushi,zhengshizaiyuqiangdiaohetuixingtongchouguihua、xiediaobingjin。zheiyidiantixianzaibaokuokejizaineidequanbushiyefazhanshang。


时时彩     《1956-1967niankexuejishufazhanyuanjingguihuagangyao(xiuzhengcaoan)》congjingjishishicai、guofanganquan、jichukexuedeng13gefangmianninglianchu57xiangzhongyaokexuejishurenwu,weizhongguokexuejishuzhidudedingcengshejixianxingmoshikaipiledaolu。qihou,《1963-1972niankexuejishufazhanguihuagangyao》《1978-1985nianquanguokexuejishufazhanguihuagangyao》《zhonghuarenmingongheguokexuejishufazhanshinianguihuahe“bawu”jihuagangyao(1991-2000)》《quanguokejifazhan“jiuwu”jihuahedao2010nianzhangqiguihuagangyao》《guominjingjiheshehuifazhandishigewunianjihuakejijiaoyufazhanzhuanxiangguihua》《guojiazhongzhangqikexuehejishufazhanguihuagangyao(2006-2020 nian)》dengzhongyaowenjian,gongtonggouchenglezhongguokexuejishuzhidutixidedingcengsheji。


      yizheicikangyizhanxiandekejililianglaikan,《guojiazhongzhangqikexuehejishufazhanguihuagangyao(2006-2020 nian)》bujude“zhongdaxinyaochuangzhi”he“zhongdachuanranbingfangzhizhuanxiang”lianggekejizhongdazhuanxiang,dangdeshibadayilaikejiguanlibumenjijiluoshixijinpingzongshuji“zhengfukejiguanlibumenyaozhuazhanlve、zhuaguihua、zhuazhengce、zhuashishicai,fahuiguojiazhanlvekejililiangjianzhihuayoushi”dezhongyaozhishi,jiadaleduishengmingkexue,tebieshishejirenminjiankanglingyudekejitourubuju、bushu,weicicikangyishixianbingdusuyuan、yaowushaixuan、jiuzhifangfachuangxinheyimiaoyanfadengduoxuekezonghekeyangongguan,tigonglechongfenbaozhang。


时时彩      zheizhongguihuaxianxingyudingcengshejiyouxiandekejizhidudeyoushizaiyu: yishiyizhengtidaijubu,yixitongxiaonengshejigouchengbufengongneng;ershibaozhengzhidudelianxuxing,xingchengjinqiyuzhangyuanmubiaoxiangjiehedezuheyoushi,shimeigezhiduzhijianshi“jielisai”erbushi“leitaisai”;sanshibaozhengzhongdianwentidefaxianhezhongdarenwudetichunenggouyouxiaoguancheluoshi。


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科技创新的新型举国体制


      xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,“renleitongjibingjiaoliangzuiyoulidewuqijiushikexuejishu,renleizhanshengdazaidayilibukaikexuefazhanhejishuchuangxin。”congshijianlaikan,kexuejishuchengguodeyongxian,laiziyukexuejiahegongchengshi、kejisheshi、kejitouru、zhishichuanbo、chanyekaifayuqiyechuangxindengduoyaosudejichengxiaoying,eryaozuodaozheiyibu,meiyouyitaoxingzhiyouxiaodekejitizhishibukexiangxiangde。


      dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuimingquetichugoujianshehuizhuyishichangjingjitiaojianxiaguanjianhexinjishugongguanxinxingjuguotizhiderenwu。zheiyizhidushang、tizhishangdeyoushizaiyiqingfangkongzujizhanzhongdedaolequanmianyanzheng。


时时彩      yiqingfashengbujiu,kejizhuguanbumenjiugenjugefangyanjiuchengguo,jishizongjietuichuxinguanfeiyanzhiliaode“sanyaosanfangan”,chixutansuowanshanzhongxiyijiehe、huifuqixuejiang、ganxibaodengzhiliaofangshi,dafudujiangdileganranzhedebingsilv,jishizuduanlebingdudechuanbolujing。zheicikangjiyiqingdekejitujizhanshijianbiaoming,zhengshianzhaodangzhongyang、guowuyuantongyibushu,kejibuhuitongguojiaweijianwei、fazhangaigewei、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、zhongkeyuandengbumenhedanweichenglikeyangongguanzu,xiasheyaowuyanfazhuanban、yimiaoyanfazhuanban、jianceshijizhuanban、bingdusuyuanzhuanbandeng,xunsujijiequanguodeyoushikeyanliliang,jinjidiaopeizijin、sheshi,duoguanqixia,duocuobingju,cainenggouzaiduanqineiqudeduofangmianchengguo。


时时彩      zhengruxijinpingzongshujizaidangwairenshizuotanhuishangsuoqiangdiaode,“shishicaizuidadeyoushishizhongguoshehuizhuyizhidunenggoujizhongliliangbandashi。zheishishishicaichengjiushiyedezhongyaofabao。guoqushishicaiqudezhongdakejitupoyikaozheiyifabao,jintianshishicaituijinkejichuangxinkuayueyeyaoyikaozheiyifabao,xingchengshehuizhuyishichangjingjitiaojianxiajizhongliliangbandashidexinjizhi。” 


      当然,时时彩在看到中国科技制度诸多优势的同时,也要居安思危。习近平总书记指出,“这次应对新冠肺炎疫情,暴露出中国在重大疫情防控体制机制、公共卫生体系等方面存在的一些短板,要加快构建关键核心技术攻关新型举国体制,切实提高应对突发重大公共卫生事件的能力和水平”。为此,时时彩要在总结科技抗疫经验的同时,还要全方位地检视当下科技创新体制的长板和短板,充分吸收世界各国的先进科技创新成果,让长板更长,把短板尽快补齐,同时把已有的科技制度优势真正转换为现实的治理效能,让科技创新成为国家可持续发展的不竭动力。(来源: 求是网    作者系科技日报社副社长、研究员)


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